The objective of World Bank funded-North Eastern Rural Livelihoods Project (NERLP) is to increase livelihood productivity among the local community through participatory approach and demand driven investment.

The design of the project aims at empowering poor households in rural areas to directly deal with the wide and diverse range of problems and constraints that hamper livelihood development in the region as well as positioning them to capture opportunities for livelihood improvement. The project would provide direct support aimed at building organizations of the poor in supporting the poor to have assets, have voice and increase the scale that would allow the poor to help themselves in dealing with both Government and market failures. The project would facilitate the establishment of critical partnerships that would provide value-addition to the organizations of the poor in achieving their objectives.

The entire North Eastern Region is to be covered in phases. Mizoram is included under the Central and Eastern Zones. The target group of the project will comprise the more vulnerable groups who remain heavily dependent on jhum cultivation.