Federal Court of India (1937-1950)

The Federal Court came into being on 1 October 1937. The seat of the court was the Chamber of Princes in the Parliament building in Delhi. It began with a Chief Justice and two puisne judges. The first Chief Justice was Sir Maurice Gwyer and the other two judges were Sir Shah Muhammad Sulaiman and M. R. Jayakar. It functioned until the establishment of the Supreme Court of India on 28 January 1950.

Number

Name

Period of office

Length of term (days)

1

Sir Maurice Gwyer

1 October 1937

25 April 1943

2,032

2

Sir Patrick Spens

7 June 1943

14 August 1947

1,529

3

Sir H. J. Kania

14 August 1947

26 January 1950

896

Acting

Sir Srinivas Vardachariar

25 April 1943

7 June 1943

43

‡ – Date of Resignation

Supreme Court of India

Since the birth of the Republic of India on 26 January 1950, 42 people have served as the Chief Justice of India (CJI).[1] While H. J. Kania is the inaugural CJI, the current incumbent is H. L. Dattu who was appointed as Chief Justice of India on 28.09.2014. Justice Y. V. Chandrachud is the longest serving Chief Justice (February 1978 - July 1985).

Number

Name

Period of office

Length of term (days)

1

H. J. Kania

26 January 1950

6 November 1951‡‡

649

2

M. Patanjali Sastri

7 November 1951

3 January 1954

788

3

Mehr Chand Mahajan

4 January 1954

22 December 1954

352

4

Bijan Kumar Mukherjea

23 December 1954

31 January 1956

404

5

Sudhi Ranjan Das

1 February 1956

30 September 1959

1337

6

Bhuvaneshwar Prasad Singha

1 October 1959

31 January 1964

1583

7

P. B. Gajendragadkar

1 February 1964

15 March 1966

773

8

Amal Kumar Sarkar

16 March 1966

29 June 1966

105

9

Koka Subba Rao

30 June 1966

11 April 1967

285

10

Kailas Nath Wanchoo

12 April 1967

24 February 1968

318

11

Mohammad Hidayatullah[2]

25 February 1968

16 December 1970

1025

12

Jayantilal Chhotalal Shah

17 December 1970

21 January 1971

35

13

Sarv Mittra Sikri

22 Jan 1971

25 April 1973

824

14

Ajit Nath Ray

26 April 1973

27 January 1977

1372

15

Mirza Hameedullah Beg

28 January 1977

21 February 1978

389

16

Yeshwant Vishnu Chandrachud

22 February 1978

11 July 1985

2696

17

Prafullachandra Natwarlal Bhagwati

12 July 1985

20 December 1986

526

18

Raghunandan Swarup Pathak

21 December 1986

18 June 1989

940

19

Engalaguppe Seetharamiah Venkataramiah

19 June 1989

17 December 1989

181

20

Sabyasachi Mukharji

18 December 1989

25 September 1990‡‡

281

21

Ranganath Misra

26 September 1990

24 November 1991

424

22

Kamal Narain Singh

25 November 1991

12 December 1991

17

23

Madhukar Hiralal Kania

13 December 1991

17 November 1992

340

24

Lalit Mohan Sharma

18 November 1992

11 February 1993

85

25

Manepalli Narayana Rao Venkatachaliah

12 February 1993

24 October 1994

619

26

Aziz Mushabber Ahmadi

25 October 1994

24 March 1997

881

27

Jagdish Sharan Verma

25 March 1997

17 January 1998

298

28

Madan Mohan Punchhi

18 January 1998

9 October 1998

264

29

Adarsh Sein Anand

10 October 1998

11 January 2001

824

30

Sam Piroj Bharucha

11 January 2001

6 May 2002

480

31

Bhupinder Nath Kirpal

6 May 2002

8 November 2002

186

32

Gopal Ballav Pattanaik

8 November 2002

19 December 2002

41

33

V. N. Khare

19 Dec 2002

2 May 2004

500

34

S. Rajendra Babu

2 May 2004

1 June 2004

30

35

Ramesh Chandra Lahoti

1 June 2004

1 November 2005

518

36

Yogesh Kumar Sabharwal

1 November 2005

13 January 2007

438

37

K. G. Balakrishnan

13 January 2007

11 May 2010

1214

38

S. H. Kapadia

12 May 2010

28 Sep 2012

870

39

Altamas Kabir

29 September 2012

18 July 2013

292

40

P. Sathasivam

19 July 2013

26 April 2014

281

41

Rajendra Mal Lodha

27 April 2014

27 September 2014

153

42

H. L. Dattu

28 September 2014

1 December 2015

583

43

T. S. Thakur

1 December 2015

Incumbent