The main objectives of the IWMP are to restore the ecological balance by harnessing, conserving and developing degraded natural resources such as soil, vegetative cover and water. The outcomes are prevention of soil run-off, regeneration of natural vegetation, rain water harvesting and recharging of the ground water table. This enables multi-cropping and the introduction of diverse agro-based activities, which help to provide sustainable livelihoods to the people residing in the watershed area.
Till 1.4.2008, the Department of Land Resources under the Ministry of Rural Development implemented 3 (three) watershed programmes viz. Integrated Wastelands Development Programme, Drought Prone Areas Programme, Desert Development Programme. Since then, they have been brought under a comprehensive programme named Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) to be implemented under Common Guidelines on Watershed Development, 2008.
This Programme is new to our state although it has already been implemented in most states of the country. We have prepared a State Perspective and Strategic Plan (SPSP) which aims at developing sources of livelihood, enhancing income, rejuvenating wastelands, maximizing the productivity of agricultural land, recharging ground water, optimizing water usage and enhancing income in the rural areas, through participatory approach and based on watershed areas. Unlike IWDP, this programme covers wastelands/dry lands as well as rainfed areas. Further, while landless households were left out in other watershed programmes, IWMP will cater for livelihood intervention for landless households. The project costs are to be shared between the Centre and the State on 90:10 ratio.
A total of 170 Projects with an estimated cost of Rs. 946.569 crores, covering an area of 6, 31,046 Ha have been proposed to be taken up in a phased manner up to the 14th Five Year Plan. The SPSP was approved by the National Steering Committee in January, 2010 and sanction was accorded for 16 Projects slated for 2009-2010, covering an area of 62, 435 Ha amounting to Rs. 93.6525 crores. The Central Government has released Rs. 5.0572 crores in February, 2010. Another 16 (sixteen) projects are slated for 2010-2011. This Programme is expected to boost productivity and income of rural households.
Financial Achievement Rs. in lakhs a) Funds released by the Centre 505.7235 (which is 6% of the 1st Installment of 20%) b) Funds released by the State Nil c) Total 505.7235
Rs. 62.08 lakhs (Sixty Two Lakhs Eight Thousand) has also been received as Grant-in-Aid for setting up of the SLNA (State Level Nodal Agency), which has been named Mizoram Watershed Development Agency, to oversee the implementation of IWMP in the State. Further, Rs. 68.00 lakhs (Sixty Eight) has also been received as Grant-in-Aid for setting up of Watershed Cell-cum-Data Centre (WCDC) for the 8 (eight) Districts. Detailed Project Reports (DPRs) are being prepared by the DRDAs and the Project Implementing Agencies (PIAs), after the submission of which the Central Government will be releasing the remaining 14% of the 1st installment of 20%.The first installment of funds under this Programme will be used for capacity building, preparation of DPR and undertaking Entry Point Activities.