Republic of India


Motto: "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
"Truth Alone Triumphs"

National song:
Vande Mataram
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"

Capital

New Delhi
28°36.8′N 77°12.5′E

Largest city

Mumbai
18°58′30″N 72°49′33″E

Official languages

Recognised regional languages

8th Schedule

National language

Hindi

Religion

religious population 97%
79.8% Hindu
14.2% Muslim
2.3% Christian
1.7% Sikh and others
3% atheist population

Demonym

Indian

Government

Federal parliamentary
constitutional republic

President

Pranab Mukherjee

Vice President

Mohammad Hamid Ansari

Prime Minister

Narendra Modi

Chief Justice

H. L. Dattu

Speaker of the House

Sumitra Mahajan

Legislature

Parliament of India

Upper house

Rajya Sabha

Lower house

Lok Sabha

Independence from the United Kingdom

Dominion

15 August 1947

Republic

26 January 1950

Area

Total

3,287,590km2 (7th)
1,269,346 sq mi

Water (%)

9.6

Population

2015 estimate

1,276,267,000 (2nd)

2011 census

1,210,193,42 (2nd)

Density

385.1/km2 (31st)
997.5/sq mi

GDP (PPP)

2015 estimate

Total

$8.027 trillion[ (3rd)

Per capita

$6,209[ (124th)

GDP (nominal)

2015 estimate

Total

$2.182 trillion (7th)

Per capita

$1,688[ (141st)

Gini (2010)

33.9
medium 79th

HDI (2013)

0.586
medium 135th

Currency

Indian rupee (₹) (INR)

Time zone

IST (UTC+05:30)

Summer (DST)

not observed (UTC+05:30)

Date format

dd-mm-yyyy (CE)

Drives on the

left

Calling code

+91

ISO 3166 code

IN

Internet TLD

.in

other TLDs