The district administration is at the hands of the office of the Deputy Commissioner and various developmental programmes are implemented mainly by the office of the Deputy Commissioner, DRDA and actively assisted by BDOs. The office of the Deputy Commissioner is headed by the Deputy Commissioner and he is assisted by Additional Deputy Commissioner, Sub Divisional Officer (sadr), three Sub-Deputy Commissioner. Judiciary is at the hands of Deputy Commissioner, Sub-Divisional Officer (sadr) and Sub-Deputy Commissioner. All cases civil and criminal are within their purview except some cases of customary in nature are within the purview of the District Council Courts. Organisation chart of DC office is given below:-
The district is divided into four rural development blocks for efficient implementation and monitoring of various developmental programmes of both the Central and the State Governments. The following present incumbents as on 8.6.2015 are as follows:-
- Deputy Commissioner - J.Hmingthanmawia, MCS
- Additional Deputy Commissioner - R. Lalsangluaia, MCS
- Sub-Divisional Officer - Lallawmawma, MCS
- Sub-Deputy Commissioner - ST Lalvensangi, MCS
- Sub-Deputy Commissioner - Vanlalchhuanliana, MCS
- Sub-Deputy Commissioner - H.Zonunmawia, MCS
- Election Officer - Saizikpuii, MCS
(1) Chawngte – SDO (Civil) Chawngte – Lalhmunsanga Lawtlai, MCS.
Rural Development Blocks:-
(1) Lawngtlai - BDO, Lawngtlai – M.Misael, MCS.
(2) Sangau - BDO, Sangau – Vanlaltanpuia, MCS.
(3) Chawngte - BDO, Chawngte – Ralzidinga Ralte, MCS.
(4) Bungtlang 'S'- BDO, Bungtlang 'S' - Lalremruata Kullai, MCS.
The District has two Assembly Constituencies which are:
36-Tuichawng (ST) MLA – Shri Dr. B. D. Chakma (INC)
37-Lawngtlaii West(ST) MLA – Shri C. Ngunlianchunga (INC)
38-Lawngtlai East (ST) MLA – Shri H.Zothangliana(INC)
Administrative set up of The District Councils:
In comparison with other districts in Mizoram, Lawngtlai district has uniqueness and peculiarity. At present, there are two Autonomous District Councils within the district viz. The Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC) and The Chakma Autonomous District Council (CADC) functioning parallel with the District Administration machinery headed by Office of the Deputy Commissioner of Lawngtlai District with its headquarter at Lawngtlai. The councils have their Headquarters at Lawngtlai and Kamalanagar respectively.
The Pawi-Lakher Regional Council set up in 1953 under the provisions of Article 244(2) read with the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India was divided into three regional councils viz.,Pawi,Lakher and Chakma by a notification issued by the Government on 2 April,1972.In terms of the provisions of paragraph 20B of the Sixth Schedule ,Pawi regional Council along with Chakma Regional council was elevated to the status of a District Council with effect from 29th April,1972 under the Mizoram District Council’s(Miscellaneous Provisions)Order,1972.The Pawi District Council was renamed as the Lai Autonomous District Council from 1st May,1989 under notification issued by the Governor of Mizoram in May 1989.
Subject to the provisions of the Sixth Schedule to the Constitution, the administration of an autonomous district vests in both LADC & CADC. Both the District Councils is headed by a Chief Executive Member who is assisted by such number of Executive members as are prescribed under the Rules. The legislative Wing of the District Councils is headed by a Chairman who is assisted by a Deputy Chairman. The judiciary in the District Councils is headed by the court President .The District Council courts have three member with the President at its head and two other judicial officers as members.
The Sixth Schedule to the Constitution of India provides for administration of specified Tribal areas. For that purpose, it provides for the Constitution of District Councils for both the Lai Autonomous District Council (LADC) and Chakma Autonomous District Council (CADC) with powers to make laws on matters listed in paragraph 3(1) of the Sixth Schedule which are mentioned below:
- Allotment, occupation or use or setting apart of land other than any land in any reserved forest, for the purposes of agriculture or grazing or for residential or other non-agricultural purposes or for any other purpose likely to promote the interests of any village or town ,and to make laws in this regard;
- Management of forests other than reserve forests and to make laws for the purpose;
- Use of any canal or water-course for the purpose of agriculture ,and to make laws for the purpose;
- Regulation of the practice of jhum or other forms of shifting cultivation ,and to make laws for the purpose;
- Establishment of village or town committees or councils and to regulate any other matter relating to village or town administration, and to make laws for the purpose;
- Village or town police, and to make laws for the purpose;
- public health and sanitation
- regulation, by laws, of Inheritance of property, marriage and divorce, and social customs;
- Constitution of Village Councils or courts for trial of suits and cases between parties all of whom belong to Scheduled Tribes; and to make laws for the purpose;
Under paragraphs 6(1) and 8 of the Sixth Schedule, the councils have powers on the following matters
- Establishment, construction or management of primary schools, dispensaries, markets, cattle pounds, ferries, fisheries, roads, road transport and waterways ,and to make laws for the regulation and control thereof;
- Assessment and collection of land-revenue and to make laws for the purpose;
- levying and collection of taxes on land and buildings, tolls on persons resident within the autonomous district; and to make laws for the purpose;
- levying and collection of taxes on professions, trades, callings and employment; on animals vehicles and boats; on the entry of goods and tolls on passengers and goods carried in ferries ;for maintenance of schools, dispensaries or roads; and to make laws for the purpose; and
- Regulation and control of money-lending or trading by persons resident in the autonomous district, and to make laws for the purpose.
In addition to the above-mentioned powers and functions of the district councils as envisaged in the Sixth Schedule, in 1986 vide Government notification No.DCA/E-212/83/52 dt.20.8.1986 which was modified in 1993 vide Government Notification No.B.17012/3/92-DCA Dated 22.9.1993, the State Government of Mizoram, with a view to having effective and active participation of the local people in various departmental activities ,decided to entrust a large numbers of functions of the state Government to the District Councils for execution, under the provision of sub-paragraph (2) and 6(1) of the sixth schedule .These functions are given below:
1. AGRICULTURE & HORTICULTURE DEPARTMENT:
- Agriculture Link Road.
- Distribution of Planting materials/certified seeds.
- Procurement of Machineries for 50 % subsidy.
- Implements and Tools.
- Water Pumping Machineries.
- Land Development by manuals.
- Minor Irrigation Construction of field channels.FISHERIES DEPARTMENT:
- Grant-in –aid to individual Fish Farmers for fish pond development.
2. PUBLIC HEALTH ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT:
- Rural Sanitation.
- Spring Source Development
- Public Latrines/Urinal (Rural sanitation)
3. INDUSTRY DEPARTMENT:
- Handloom and Handicraft.
- Grant-in-aid to individuals for supply of tools and implements.
- Selection of SEEYOU Loanees.
4. SERICULTURE DEPARTMENT:
- Grant-in-aid to Private Rearers under Promotion Scheme.
- Marketing-selling of cocoon to State Government.
5. A.H. & VETY DEPARTMENT:
- Subsidy scheme on
- Cattle development
- Piggery and
6. ARTS & CULTURE DEPARTMENT:
- Grant-in-aid to promotion of Arts and Culture.
- District Library.
- District Museum.
- Assistance for publication.
7. SOCIAL WELFARE DEPARTMENT:
- Old Age Pension (Plan & Non-Plan)
- Assistance to Voluntary Organization.
- Pre Schools.
- Welfare of Handicap.
- Welfare of Poor and Destitute
8. SOIL CONSERVATION DEPARTMENT:
- Implementation of Terracing.
- Plantation Subsidy Schemes.
- Village grassing ground.
9. LOCAL ADMINISTRATION DEPARTMENT:
- Urban Development.
- All Minor Works of the Department such as construction of the steps/
- Culverts/retaining wall etc.
10. FOREST DEPARTMENT:
- All the Projects taken by Forest Department within Council areas can be handed over to the District Council concerned including all the assets and liabilities, if any.
- National at Phawngpui and Sanctuary at Ngengpui under centrally sponsored schemes will be looked after by the Forest Department, Government of Mizoram.
11. TRANSPORT DEPARTMENT:
- It is agreed that separate Transport Department may be created by each District Council wef. 1994-95 Financial Year. It is further decided that Transport Department of Mizoram may set aside the Cost of One Bus for each District Council including maintenance charges.
- It is also agreed and decided that the Government of Mizoram should try to obtain the procedure followed by the District Council of Assam etc.
Regarding the collection of Road Tax, Goods, and Passenger Tax, etc.
13. SPORTS & YOUTH SERVICES DEPARTMENT :
It is agreed that the Council may create Sports and Youth Services Department and requirement of fund for the purpose may be provided within their budget. Sport & Youth Services Department will provide requiring Fund.
14. CO-OPERATION DEPARTMENT:
It is agreed that the Council may create co-operative Department as one of the Department but technical subjects will be considered later.
15. PUBLIC WORKS DEPARTMENT:
Creation/opening of District Council Public Works Department is agreed. The District Councils will, however, have to strengthen their technical hands to cope with the works in accordance with PWD norms. The following works will be entrusted to the Councils.
1) Inter- Village approach Road to link up with the PWD roads.
2) Maintenance and improvement of satellite towns and villages roads.
16. EDUCATION DEPARTMENT:
- PRIMARY SCHOOL: As for Primary School, it is decided that from 1994-1995 onwards, the budget provision will be reflected in District Council budget and education Department will no longer include the same in the State budget.
- Adult Education will be handed over to District Council.
- MIDDLE SCHOOL: Handing over of Middle School to District Council is agreed. However, Examination will be continued under the examination Board of the State.
17. RURAL DEVELOPMENT DEPARTMENT:
- Rural Communications.
- Construction of Community Hall.
- Rural Housing.
18. RELIEF & REHABILITATION DEPARTMENT:
It is agreed that Rs. 1 lakh each be provided by the respective Council for 1994-95 under Non-Plan. It is further agreed that Finance Department should set aside fund for this purpose.
19. DRDA & ICDS:
Regarding the handing over of DRDA (including CD Block) and ICDS, the Hon’ble Minister i/c District Council Affairs Department informed that the Government would seek clarification/permission from Central Government whether these two Agencies can be handed over to District Councils since they are Centrally Sponsored Programmes.
20. WATER WAYS (INLAND WATER TRANSPORT):
The need to have separate allocation of fund under water ways (inland water transport) for the three District Councils is considered really important by the Committee. The District Council Headquarters are often inaccessible during rainy season. The only way foodstuff and other essential commodities can be sent to the District Council Headquarters is through water Way Transport. Since there is no budget provision under State Budget, the District Council may provide budget provision for this also from 1994-95. Government of Mizoram may provide separate fund for this to the three District Councils.
However it may be pointed out that till today, both the District Councils lack skilled manpower, technical expertise, technology and Information Technology savvy personnel to successfully implement much of the above subjects and most of the works under the above subjects except primary education and sports, are still under the implemented by the Office of the Deputy Commissioner, District Rural Development Agency (DRDA),Block Development Offices and line departments of the State Government of Mizoram.
Some part of this information is taken from Rashtriya Sam Vikas Yojana (RSVY) Lawngtlai District